Overarching review of support for improving compliance with regulation and achieving better practice on occupational safety and health in European Member States

Autoren: Elsler, Walters, Johnstone, Bluff, Limborgs, Gensby

Kategorie: Gesundheitsschutz und Arbeitssicherheit

Chair: Bengler

Beitragskurzfassung:
Several recent studies commissioned by EU-OSHA have concluded that improving arrangements and practices for managing OSH across a whole range of workplace sizes and sectors, is stimulated, supported and sustained by a range of institutional actors and processes. These include state regulatory institutions for OSH, such as labour and OSH inspectorates and the Ministries or Departments of the States of which they are a part. But they are not limited to them. In some Member States external prevention services have played a significant role among the supports for prevention required by law, while the influence of powerful principal business actors in supply chains is increasingly seen in the conduct of work everywhere, and the direct or indirect influence of insurance associations both in incentivising prevention and in providing support for compensation, rehabilitation and return to work is a further influence on OSH arrangements that is more evident in some member states than others.
These studies, and the wider literature, have increasingly examined the role of institutions and processes in supporting better OSH practices, in the face of the fracturing and disassociation of traditional work structures and the emergence of new forms of work, and of risk, in modern economies. Further we will be facing a range of technological developments. Maybe in future, there will on-site inspections be supported by aerial drones, or we can use artificial intelligence to identify risky companies and industries. It is the question, how inspection concepts should be changed regarding the interaction between labour inspectors and the technical support.
A key concern of this literature is whether, and how, these supports for compliance and for improving good OSH practice are affected by, and are responsive to, the challenges posed by rapid changes in the structure, organisation and control of work. It is therefore important to identify what is effective in such responses and what determines this effectiveness.

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Raum 2
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Elsler et al.