Virtual trainings for accident prevention in working at heights: Findings of a literature review

Autoren: Rey Beccera, Barrero, Ellegast, Kluge

Kategorie: Möglichkeiten und Grenzen für den Einsatz digitaler Assistenzsysteme

Chair: Thomaschewski

Virtual environments are increasingly used for safety training (Gao et al., 2019; Li et al., 2018). However, few is known about how to develop effective training in Working at Heights (WAH). Therefore, we conducted a literature review to know which criteria were reported by researchers to measure the effectiveness of virtual training concerning the prevention of WAH accidents. When searching in the Ebsco Discovery Service databases, we identified 437 records from 2010 onwards. Only 19 documents were considered for our research question. We classified them into three training goals: Knowledge, Skills, and Attitudes (KSAs) (Salas & Cannon-bowers, 1997). With these main findings, we explained the evaluation criteria using the Kirkpatrick model of reaction (level 1), learning (level 2), behavior (level 3), and results (level 4) (Kirkpatrick & Kirkpatrick, 2016). We found that the authors performed a tentative evaluation to improve the workers performance. Besides, no training program had a multidimensional design for assessing effectiveness considering the three KSAs. Therefore, this presentation aims to synthesize the literature review results and derive a corresponding checklist from developing effective virtual training programs.

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